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(Redirected from Cathedral of Santa Sofia)
For other churches called Santa Sofia, Sofia see Santa (disambiguation).
Hagia Sophia, Istanbul
The church of Santa Sofia, the Divine Wisdom or Hagia Sophia (Greek:''''''''', Turkish Ayasofya M zesi) dedicated to the third person of the Trinity is one of the most sublime works of Byzantine art. It was built from 532 to 537, during the rule of Justinian I in Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire (now Istanbul in Turkey).
Its architects, Antemio of Tralles and Isidore of Miletus, covered the building, almost square floor plan with a central dome on pendentives. This rests on four arches, supported in turn by four columns. Two semicupulas make buttress of the central dome and the walls are open insured by buttresses. It also has some beautiful Byzantine mosaics.
Was used as a Christian church for almost a thousand years since its construction in the year 537 until the conquest of Constantinople by the Turks in 1453, when it was converted into a mosque. There was the terrified inhabitants fled in the attack on the city. In 1935 it was converted into a museum.
It was built on the old basilica of Constantine in just five years during the reign of Justinian by the Greeks and Tralles Antemio of Isidore of Miletus, mathematician and architect, respectively, treated in the words of Agatias of 'applying to the solid geometry . Justinian, according to his official chronicler Procopius of Caesarea, to see Santa Sofia finished exclaimed: "Salomon, I have superado .
Its architecture is highly space, although the effect has been significantly modified outside of the Ottomans, who enriched with minarets, and large spurs spurs. The building was the idea that the great dome that was to be built were held through four arches reinforced by buttresses and semicupulas divert thrusts.
The plant is a rectangle of 77 x 71 meters. The dome-shaped half of 56.6 meters in height and 31.87 diameter drum is supported on four points and is surrounded by forty small buttresses separated by so many windows, giving the feeling of being second Procopio 'suspended from heaven by a chain oro . Outside, the mass of the great church stands with some harmony, but without much grace. The dome imposed centralization quite alien to the Church of the past, but thanks to the translation pendentives and the efforts of aisles, and a refined use of light, "does not appear to rest on solid foundation." It is located opposite the Blue Mosque. The occupation of Istanbul and Izmir by the Allies at the root of the First World War ... Levent financial district in the economic capital of Turkey, Istanbul. ...
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